- A holistic approach to student needs through community partnerships that go beyond the classroom to provide a litany of services, including counseling and mental health resources, extracurricular activities, medical and dental health care, tutoring, and after-school care
- Addresses out-of-classroom barriers to learning and development
- Typically developed in partnership with educators, public health officials, and community organizations
Strength of evidence
Evidence level: Strong (second-highest tier)
Strong (second-highest tier)
Ranked as having the second-highest level of evidence by County Health Rankings and Roadmaps
All school-aged children
- Illinois, California, and Hawaii
Outcomes and impact
- Positive effects on academic achievement
- Improvements in student attendance
- Potentially increased engagement from parents
- Potentially increased graduation rates
- Potential improvements in student behavior and engagement
- Possible broader community involvement
- Cost-benefit analyses suggest positive net benefits of approximately $4–$15 per dollar invested
- Potential increase in student learning activities
- Stronger relationships between school leadership and local government
- Potential increase in student internship and job opportunities in the local community
Keys to successful implementation
- Note: This content is under review
- Promote the school building as a community area where educators, partners, and parents all feel welcome.
- Create institutional structures that systematize the involvement of parents and community groups, incorporating them into instruction and after school programming.
- Assign a community school coordinator to create channels for communication and accountability between the community and the school.
- Use community assessments to identify the needs of the community and find partnerships to address those needs.
- Operate on-site health and wellness services, or partner with a local clinic to offer immunizations and physicals.
- Establish strong communication and relationships between the community school manager and the principal of the school in order to ensure more seamless implementation.
- Commit to lasting, mutual respect between school staff and partner agencies.