- Interactive, computer-based program intended for children age 3–7
- Focused on phonological awareness and processing
- Teaches children to recognize words that rhyme, words with similar sounds, syllables, etc.
- Instruction is framed in a fairy-tale story line
Strength of evidence
Evidence level: Strong (second-highest tier)
Strong (second-highest tier)
Ranked as having the second-highest level of evidence by the U.S Department of Education What Works Clearinghouse
Approximately $60 per software bundle (2006); $2.99 as an iOS app
First developed in 1992
Outcomes and impact
- Positive effects on oral language, print knowledge, and phonological processing
- No discernible effect on cognition and math skills
- Oral language skills improved by an average of 12 percentile points
- Print language skills improved by an average of 15 percentile points
- Phonological processing improved by an average of 12 percentile points
Keys to successful implementation
- Note: This section is under review
- Curriculum must be delivered with fidelity in order to achieve positive outcomes.
- Teachers must be provided with ample professional development opportunities to master curriculum and should be evaluated regularly to ensure that model is delivered with fidelity.