Federally-qualified health centers

Program basics

  • Public and private nonprofit health care organizations that receive federal funding
  • Deliver comprehensive care to uninsured, underinsured, and vulnerable patients regardless of ability to pay
  • Perform as well or better on measures of quality and access to care than medical facilities that do not care for under-resourced patients

Strength of evidence

Evidence level: Proven (highest tier)


Proven (highest tier)

Ranked as having the highest level of evidence by County Health Rankings and Roadmaps

Target population

Low- and moderate-income adults and families

Program cost

Not available

Implementation locations

Dates active


Outcomes and impact

  • Increased access to primary care and improved outcomes for patients
  • Increased continuity of care
  • Increased access to oral health care

Keys to successful implementation

  • Note: This content is under review
  • Provide center staff with training and informational materials on health plans, as well as Medicaid and Medicare requirements.
  • Identify sustainable funding sources for integrated medical support, including both preventative screenings and treatment and mental health and substance abuse.
  • Collaboration with state health agencies and private practices can enable higher-quality, continued care to patients, enhance service quality, and address staffing needs.
  • Partnerships with hospitals, managed care organizations, local public health departments, and non-profit organizations can help FQHCs to develop deeper relationships with community members and more effectively serve local populations.

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