School-wide positive behavioral interventions and supports
- Use social learning and organizational behavioral principles to create a culture that rewards positive behaviors and reduces problematic behaviors
- Expectations are set and taught to all students and staff in order to create a self-reinforcing school environment of positive behavior
- External coaches or consultants often train teachers and staff on school-wide behavior management
- Program priorities are incorporated into lesson plans and teaching techniques
- Incentives for good behavior and penalties for undesired behavior are clearly and consistently applied across the entire school
- Benefits are tied to consistent and faithful implementation
Strength of evidence
Evidence level: Proven (highest tier)
Proven (highest tier)
Ranked as having the highest level of evidence by the National Institute of Justice, County Health Rankings and Roadmaps
All school-aged children
$3,000 to $10,000 per school for transition/training; estimated $400 per year per school ongoing yearly costs
Outcomes and impact
- Improved behavior
- Improved social emotional skills
- Reduced bullying
- Increased academic achievement
- Reduced school suspensions
- Higher perceptions of school safety
Keys to successful implementation
- Note: This content is under review
- Buy in from school leadership and teachers is essential in ensuring that positive behavior intervention support practices are applied uniformly across the whole school environment.
- Before developing specific strategies, school districts and individual schools should identify the challenges that particular schools are facing, then targeting the response to address those challenges.
- To ensure positive results and delivery fidelity, program training should be conducted by teams with deep experience in multi-tiered behavioral support frameworks.
- Implementation plans and intervention activities should be adapted to specific cultural contexts and tailored to the history of the specific school and district.
- To foster scalability and sustainability, investments should be made in helping local actors become program trainers and data collection and analysis capacity