Triple P: Positive Parenting Program

Program basics

  • Offers families simple and practical strategies to help their children foster healthy relationships and manage behavior
  • Designed to be both preventative and provide treatment to children and teenagers experiencing emotional and/or behavioral challenges
  • Focuses on helping parents develop the skills necessary to be able to manage family issues without ongoing support

Strength of evidence

Evidence level: Proven (highest tier)

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Proven (highest tier)

Ranked as having the highest level of evidence by the California Evidence-Based Clearinghouse for Child Welfare, Social Programs That Work, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, the National Institute of Justice; the second-highest level of evidence by Blueprints for Healthy Youth Development


Target population

Low- and moderate-income adults and families

Program cost

Not available

Implementation locations

  • Nationwide

Dates active

2001-present

Outcomes and impact

  • Improved child behavior, mental health, and parenting
  • Leads to fewer hospitalizations from child abuse injuries
  • Leads to fewer out-of-home placements
  • Slowed growth of confirmed child abuse cases
  • Effective across a range of family structures, socioeconomic groups, and countries

Keys to successful implementation

  • Note: This content is under review
  • Develop a robust, flexible training program that offers an accreditation for practitioners, who will regularly engage with participating parents. Such training typically ranges from 1-4 days initially, with an opportunity for specialized training as practitioners gain experience.
  • Invest in a significant marketing and communications strategy – including in mediums like online and radio ads, flyers, and brochures – to supplement recruitment efforts; prioritize raising awareness of general parenting issues and destigmatizing the notion of parents asking for help.
  • Evaluate a range of different program delivery types (such as one-on-one training, seminars, groups, and online courses) that best cater to the individual needs of your parent community and practitioners, along with program capacity; for instance, while a seminar may allow for a 300:1 parent-to-practitioner ratio, more intensive group trainings range from 20-30 parents per practitioner.
  • Identify program levels of intensity that best suit the target population and program capacity; offerings can range from a single, 3-hour seminar to regular, weekly sessions up to nearly 40 hours per family.
  • Leverage Triple P consultants and implementation resources as needed; the program is designed to allow for significant self-regulation and tailored support.

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