Lead paint abatement programs

Local governments can invest in this strategy using State and Local Fiscal Recovery Funds (SLFRF) from the American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA).

  • This strategy can help promote healthy living environments. The U.S. Department of Treasury has indicated that strategies that help achieve this outcome are eligible for the use of Fiscal Recovery Funds.
  • Investments in this strategy are SLFRF-eligible as long as they are made in qualified census tracts or are designed to assist populations or communities disproportionately impacted by COVID-19.

Program overview

  • Remove lead-based and contaminated surfaces from homes and other buildings using subsidies or other inducements

Evidence and impacts


Ranked as having the highest level of evidence by County Health Rankings and Roadmaps

  • Improved health outcomes for children and adults, reducing developmental disorders, attention deficit disorders, brain damage, and other health issues
  • Declines in aggressive behavior, crime, and risky sexual activity

Best practices in implementation

  • Note: This content is under review
  • Impact of local strategies are influenced by characteristics of the local housing market, community awareness levels, and relevant state statutory and case law.
  • Specialized legal enforcement approaches (lead courts) may increase the effectiveness of existing state or local laws.
  • Testing and measuring lead levels in neighborhoods may reveal information about specific populations or areas that should be targeted.
  • Informational material can help landlords, homeowners, tenants, and community members understand the connection between lead, health issues, educational issues, and other social impacts.