Bike and pedestrian master plans

Program basics

  • Local or statewide policies and approaches promoting the development of infrastructure to support biking, walking, and non-automobile options
  • Promotes physical activity and active transportation
  • Reduces environmental impacts of driving

Strength of evidence

Evidence level: Strong (second-highest tier)


Strong (second-highest tier)

Ranked as having the second-highest level of evidence by County Health Rankings and Roadmaps

Target population


Program cost

Not available

Implementation locations

  • Nationwide

Dates active

Not available

Outcomes and impact

  • Increased physical activity
  • Increased active transportation
  • Reduced vehicle miles traveled
  • Reduced emissions

Keys to successful implementation

  • Note: This content is under review
  • Be prepared to address concerns about the elimination of on-street parking and the potential for increased traffic congestion.
  • Involve community and key stakeholders (school administrators, homeowners, business owners, fire departments, people with disabilities, older adults, and bicycle advocates) in early stages of the design process.
  • Assess current walkability conditions, research walking behavior in varied settings, promote public education and participation in pedestrian planning, and encourage collaboration and interdisciplinary education between transportation engineers and designers

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