Lead paint abatement programs

Program basics

  • Remove lead-based and contaminated surfaces from homes and other buildings using subsidies or other inducements

Strength of evidence

Evidence level: Proven (highest tier)

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Proven (highest tier)

Ranked as having the highest level of evidence by County Health Rankings and Roadmaps


Target population

Community-wide

Program cost

Not available

Implementation locations

  • Nationwide

Dates active

1971-present

Outcomes and impact

  • Improved health outcomes for children and adults, reducing developmental disorders, attention deficit disorders, brain damage, and other health issues
  • Declines in aggressive behavior, crime, and risky sexual activity

Keys to successful implementation

  • Note: This content is under review
  • Impact of local strategies are influenced by characteristics of the local housing market, community awareness levels, and relevant state statutory and case law.
  • Specialized legal enforcement approaches (lead courts) may increase the effectiveness of existing state or local laws.
  • Testing and measuring lead levels in neighborhoods may reveal information about specific populations or areas that should be targeted.
  • Informational material can help landlords, homeowners, tenants, and community members understand the connection between lead, health issues, educational issues, and other social impacts.

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