School-based violence and bullying prevention programs

Program basics

  • Interventions that aim to reduce bullying and victimization in school settings
  • Programs generally seek to address disruptive behavior by teaching self-awareness, improving emotional self-control, building self-esteem, and/or increasing social problem solving and conflict awareness ability
  • Some interventions aim to increase positive involvement from bystanders or witnesses
  • Programs can be implemented in grades K-12 and at various scales, ranging from school-wide, classroom-based, small group, and individualized approaches

Strength of evidence

Evidence level: Proven (highest tier)


Proven (highest tier)

Ranked as having the highest level of evidence by the National Institute of Justice, County Health Rankings and Roadmaps

Target population

All school-aged children

Program cost

Not available

Implementation locations

  • Nationwide

Dates active

Not available

Outcomes and impact

  • Reduced violence among students
  • Reduced victimization
  • Increased bystander intervention to aid victims
  • Reduced bullying

Keys to successful implementation

  • Note: This content is under review
  • Programs implemented at the classroom level appear more effective than formal school policies against bullying or approaches that focus on specific bullies.
  • Longer and more intense programs reduce bullying more than less intense programs.
  • To deliver programs effectively, staff need training in behavioral techniques, counseling, talk therapy, group therapy, and/or conflict resolution

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