Success for All

Local governments can invest in this strategy using State and Local Fiscal Recovery Funds (SLFRF) from the American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA).
  • This strategy can help address educational disparities. The U.S. Department of Treasury has indicated that strategies that help achieve this outcome are eligible for the use of Fiscal Recovery Funds.
  • Investments in this strategy are SLFRF-eligible as long as they are made in qualified census tracts or are designed to assist populations or communities disproportionately impacted by COVID-19.

Program basics

  • School-wide reform model integrating curriculum, school culture, family, and community supports
  • Teachers provide literacy instruction for 90 minutes every school day, with additional tutoring for struggling students
  • Consists of specific teaching processes, curriculum, and support services for families and staff
  • Includes a school-wide solutions team that helps improve classroom management problems, engages with parents, and provides family support

Strength of evidence

Evidence level: Strong (second-highest tier)


Strong (second-highest tier)

Ranked as having the highest level of evidence by the National Institute of Justice; the second-highest level of evidence by U.S. Department of Education What Works Clearinghouse, and the second-highest level of evidence inSocial Programs That Work

Target population

Elementary school-aged children

Program cost

$104 per child per year

Implementation locations

  • Nationwide

Dates active

Approximately 1990–present

Outcomes and impact

  • Improved outcomes in alphabetics and reading fluency
  • Alphabetics outcomes improved by an average of 9 percentile points
  • Reading fluency outcomes improved by an average of 12 percentile points

Keys to successful implementation

  • Ensure that there is a full-time building facilitator and an adequate number of tutors to work with struggling readers.
  • Ensure that there is adequate professional development and on-site coaching to ensure high-quality implementation.
  • Make extensive use of cooperative learning throughout the school day.
  • Allow the whole school teacher staff to vote on whether to adopt SFA. Require a vote of 80 percent or more.

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