The Incredible Years

Local governments can invest in this strategy using State and Local Fiscal Recovery Funds (SLFRF) from the American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA).
  • This strategy can help address educational disparities. The U.S. Department of Treasury has indicated that strategies that help achieve this outcome are eligible for the use of Fiscal Recovery Funds.
  • Investments in this strategy are SLFRF-eligible as long as they are made in qualified census tracts or are designed to assist populations or communities disproportionately impacted by COVID-19.

Program basics

  • Coordinated set of programs for parents, children, and teachers
  • Focused on children that have demonstrated or are at risk for behavioral problems
  • Teacher training program provides classroom management strategies, teaching strategies, and relationship management skills

Strength of evidence

Evidence level: Proven (highest tier)


Proven (highest tier)

Ranked as having the highest level of evidence by the National Institute of Justice, the California Evidence-Based Clearinghouse for Child Welfare, County Health Rankings and Roadmaps, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration; the second-highest level of evidence by the U.S. Department of Education What Works Clearinghouse

Target population

Elementary school-aged children

Program cost

$425 to $1,970 per training program

Implementation locations

  • Nationwide

Dates active

Not available

Outcomes and impact

  • Significant improvements in school readiness
  • Significant improvements in behavior among high-risk children
  • Significant decreases in conduct problems

Keys to successful implementation

  • Note: This section is under review
  • High-quality, standardized training workshops ensure that teachers are prepared to deliver curriculum with fidelity.
  • Weekly check-ins and peer review ensures that teachers receive and incorporate feedback.

Similar programs