Lindamood Phoneme Sequencing

Local governments can invest in this strategy using State and Local Fiscal Recovery Funds (SLFRF) from the American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA).
  • This strategy can help address educational disparities. The U.S. Department of Treasury has indicated that strategies that help achieve this outcome are eligible for the use of Fiscal Recovery Funds.
  • Investments in this strategy are SLFRF-eligible as long as they are made in qualified census tracts or are designed to assist populations or communities disproportionately impacted by COVID-19.

Program overview

  • Aims to help students understand the relationship between pronunciation, sound, and mouth movement in reading
  • Provides a sequence of phonics, reading, and spelling activities
  • Can be used for students with or without learning difficulties
Issue Areas
K-12 education
Target Population
Elementary and middle school-aged children
Cost per Participant
$444.95 for a classroom kit (2015)

Evidence and impacts


Ranked as having the second-highest level of evidence by the U.S. Department of Education What Works Clearinghouse

  • Improves comprehension
  • Comprehension improved by an average of 20 percentile points

Best practices in implementation

  • Note: This content is under review
  • LiPS was initially designed for one-on-one and small group settings but can also be adapted for full classroom settings
  • Use visual aids like mirrors to help children understand how words and sounds are related
  • In a classroom setting, the program should be integrated with the existing phonics and reading curriculum