Adult vocational training

Program basics

  • Connects adults to demand-driven, job-specific training and career and technical education
  • May feature other support services, such as job search assistance
  • Can be administered by community colleges, nonprofits, and other intermediaries

Strength of evidence

Evidence level: Proven (highest tier)


Proven (highest tier)

Ranked as having the highest level of evidence by County Health Rankings and Roadmaps

Target population

Low- and moderate-income adults

Program cost


Implementation locations

Dates active


Outcomes and impact

  • Increased earnings and employment
  • Potential decrease in recidivism

Keys to successful implementation

  • Engage early and regularly with local employers and business leaders to identify high-demand industries and occupations with a strong long-term outlook; tailor program offerings accordingly.
  • Prioritize funding enrollment in programs that build towards a degree (such as community colleges), but also have natural “checkpoints” such as the potential to earn a certificate in the short term.
  • Encourage participants to consider diplomas or certificates in new industries in addition to ones in which they already have experience. Evidence indicates health programs often produce the most significant gains.
  • Provide participants with clear, evidence-backed projections of future earnings and specific career paths within their selected industry and educational program.
  • Partner with high schools, community colleges, and non-profit vocational programs to expand training in high demand industries.

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