Health career recruitment

Program basics

  • Programs that recruit and train students who are typically underrepresented in health careers
  • Services may include career and academic advising, admissions counseling, access to advanced classes in health science subjects, practical work experiences and internships, and case management

Strength of evidence

Evidence level: Proven (highest tier)

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Proven (highest tier)

Ranked as having the highest level of evidence by County Health Rankings and Roadmaps


Target population

High school-aged children

Program cost

Not available

Implementation locations

  • Nationwide

Dates active

Not available

Outcomes and impact

  • Increased academic achievement and educational attainment
  • Increased high school graduation rates
  • Improved competitiveness of applicants for postsecondary education
  • Increased college enrollment
  • Improved professional skills
  • Increased acceptance into medical school
  • Increased representation in the healthcare workforce and increased income for minority students
  • A more diverse healthcare workforce increases rates of patient-doctor trust, with patients reporting that sharing an ethnicity or language with their healthcare provider increased their satisfaction with the care provided

Keys to successful implementation

  • Note: This content is under review
  • Implement programs early in the educational pipeline to assure strong results in health career applications from underrepresented groups.
  • Take note of inadequate institutional resources, strained personal finances, insufficient guidance, and societal barriers, all of which act as obstacles for populations underrepresented in health careers; design and implement programming accordingly.
  • Include summer experience programs and research mentorships in order to increase the likelihood of program acceptance and program completion.
  • For college students, identify participants early in enrollment to help them complete math and science courses with grades strong enough for medical school acceptance.
  • Connect students with current physicians, dentists, pharmacists, and medical students who can serve as mentors.
  • Implement long-term interventions.
  • Coordinate and share information with various health career recruitment programs in order to reach the overall goal with efficacy.
  • Record data, such as students’ results and growth, diligently in order to identify which program materials are effective and which are not.
  • Offer individualized advisement on college admissions and career counseling, specifically tailored to the health sciences field.

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