Local governments can invest in this strategy using State and Local Fiscal Recovery Funds (SLFRF) from the American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA).
- This strategy can help prevent violence. The U.S. Department of Treasury has indicated that strategies that help achieve this outcome are eligible for the use of Fiscal Recovery Funds.
- Investments in this strategy are SLFRF-eligible as long as they are made in qualified census tracts or are designed to assist populations or communities disproportionately impacted by COVID-19.
- Proactive, problem-solving, and organizational change–oriented approach to policing based on collaborative partnerships between police and local community organizations
- Police officers often serve longer tenures in the community and interact with residents via bike and foot patrol, neighborhood watch, school programs, and more
- Evaluations from California and Chicago provide evidence that such approaches reduce concerns about crime, improve resident problem-solving, and bolster police perceptions of relationships with community residents.
Evidence and impacts
Ranked as having the highest level of evidence by County Health Rankings and Roadmaps
- Improved satisfaction with law enforcement
- Potentially improved neighborhood safety and reduced crime
Best practices in implementation
- Note: This content is under review
- Prioritize community engagement, regularly soliciting input from a broad swath of groups and organizations, such as faith-based and community-based organizations, schools and youth groups, employers, businesses, nonprofits, advocacy groups, and others.
- Create substantial opportunities for citizen contributions to community policing, including by hosting open meetings, administering surveys, and creating a civilian oversight board.
- Facilitate frequent nonenforcement relationship-building opportunities between police officers, youth, and other community members; these can include book fairs and other community events, officer-youth mentorship programs, and sports programs and coaching.
- Provide as much transparency as possible when it comes to both financial data and police activity; proactively communicate findings and insights to the public.
- Develop, track, and disseminate nonenforcement police performance metrics, especially ones that measure community engagement and positive relationship building.
- Build in dedicated time to officers’ schedules for informal interactions with community members; also consider deploying officers to smaller geographical areas to develop stronger relationships.
- Incorporate community policing principles and education into basic and ongoing training for recruits and officers, including sessions designed and/or run by community members.
County Health Rankings and Roadmaps evidence overview of community policing Glaser and Denhardt, "Community Policing and Community Building: A Case Study of Officer Perceptions," The American Review of Public Administration, 2009 DOJ Community Oriented Policing Services 21st Century Policing Implementation Guide